By Andreas Kirschkamp, Prof. Dr. Utz Schäffer
Organizations have to determine dangers and possibilities of environmental alterations with the intention to adapt to or in all likelihood even to persuade them. Early caution which contains scanning and interpretation performs a tremendous function during this method. while the conventional contingency procedure considers early caution as part of the organizational constitution, the prolonged contingency thought assumes the extra effect of an individual’s character on early caution.
Andreas Kirschkamp empirically analyses the early caution habit of leader government officials in German medium-sized businesses. First, he provides the layout variables of early caution, then the influencing contingency variables. at the foundation of the scholarly examine on mental and contingency conception, the writer deduces hypotheses and checks them. the implications convey that early caution habit is not just encouraged through conventional contingency variables but in addition by way of own attitudes. as a result, the writer proposes combining the prolonged contingency thought with the conventional contingency theory.
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Extra info for A Contingency-Based View of Chief Executive Officers’ Early Warning Behavior: An Empirical Analysis of German Medium-Sized Companies
130 If the trend progresses, it might be too late for any organizational reaction to this trend 131 or to influence and change it. 132 Room for Maneuver Attention Time Figure 8: Lifecycle of an Issue 133 The detection of such issues is the basis of strategic issue diagnosis and organizational sensemaking which will be presented in the following section. 130 131 132 133 See Picot (1977), p. 46ff. See Coates, Coates, Jarratt and Heinz (1986), p. 21 and Starling (1979), p. 214f. See Renfro and Morrison (1982), p.
See Klausmann (1983), p. , Liebl (1991), p. 7 and Eisenschink (1996), p. 22ff. for the problem of differentiating these notions. See Zimmermann (1992), p. 79. In this context Gomez does not speak about a fourth generation but about early warning taking a holistic view. See Gomez (1983), p. 22. 2 The Concept of Early Warning by KRYSTEK and MÜLLERSTEWENS KRYSTEK and MÜLLER-STEWENS consider that differentiating early warning by generations implicates focusing more on technical means than on objectives of early warning.
Ansoff (1980), p. 133. For a definition of issues see also Dutton, Fahey and Narayanam (1983), p. 308 and Liebl (1996), p. 8 and the there cited sources. See Downs (1972), p. 38f. See Dutton, Ashford, Lawrence and Miner-Rubino (2002) for an example of conditions favouring the expansion of an issue. See Starling (1979), p. 141. See Lancaster and Loescher (1994), p. 162. Part B Understanding of Early Warning in Literature and Definition of Important Terms 21 comparable to the lifecycle of a product and is depicted in figure 8.