By Michael Allaby
This dictionary is a entire and updated reference paintings on all elements of the learn of animals. Now absolutely revised for this re-creation, with over 5,000 entries, it's perfect for college students and should be important to novice naturalists and all people with an curiosity within the topic. Key positive factors of this moment variation: * extensive insurance together with animal habit, ecology, body structure, genetics, cytology, evolution, Earth historical past, zoogeography * complete taxonomic insurance of arthropods, different invertebrates, fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals * thoroughly revised to include the hot discovery of 'extremophiles'--organisms dwelling in environments previously thought of impossibly hostile--and the taxonomic reclassification that this has entailed * New entries on genetics, evolutionary stories, and mammalian body structure
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Zoology
Annular In the shape of a series of rings. annulate Having ringshaped markings. annulate lamellae Flat, membranous *cisternae, bearing regularly spaced pores, that are derived from the *nuclear envelope and apparently represent an intermediate stage between this and the *endoplasmic reticulum. The number of annuli is indicative of the age of a fish. There are 1100 species. Anobium punctatum (woodworm) See ANOBIIDAE. anoestrus In female *Mammalia, the period between *oestrous cycles, during which the sexual organs are quiescent and breeding does not occur.
Aphids See APHIDIDAE. aphotic Of an environment, without light. apical system At the centre of the Page 35 *aboral surface of some *Echinodermata, a double ring of plates surrounding a hole (*periproct) that contains the *anus. mellifera) have achieved the highest levels of insect sociality, apart from those found among the termites and ants, with a morphologically distinct *worker caste. There are 1060 species. Apis See APIDAE; HIVE; HONEYBEE; HONEYCOMB. Apistogramma ramirezi (butterfly cichlid) See CICHLIDAE.
Anthreptes (sunbirds) See NECTARINIIDAE. There are 2400 species, mostly tropical. Anthropogene See QUATERNARY. anthropoid A member of the *Simiiformes. Anthropoldea See SIMIIFORMES. anthropomorphism The attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman animals, most commonly by supposing nonhuman behaviour to be motivated by a human emotion that might motivate superficially similar human behaviour. The fossils may reach a length of about 30 cm, and show a subterminal mouth as well as a *heterocercal tail.