By Steve Tsang
From a little-known fishing group on the outer edge of China, Hong Kong constructed into one of many world's so much wonderful and cosmopolitan towns after a century and a half British imperial rule. The historical past of Hong Kong, from its career through the British in 1841 to its go back to chinese language sovereignty in 1997, is an engaging tale of East assembly West. This publication addresses the altering family members among the neighborhood chinese language and expatriate groups in 156 years of British rule, and the emergence of a neighborhood id. It explains the significance of China as an element in its improvement and the origins of the so-called "1997 problems," hence examining the underlying purposes for the increase of a liberal society dedicated to the rule of thumb of legislations with no democracy.
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Additional info for A Modern History of Hong Kong
They did not change the character, function or standing of the service. Cadets were eventually renamed Administrative Officers in the 1950s but they remained the elite of the civil service until the end of British rule. 55 The Question of Representation Endowed with a Crown Colony system, Hong Kong was not founded as a democracy but as an autocracy to serve British interests. Be that as it may, this was not on its own sufficient to prevent Hong Kong from following the example of other British dependencies in developing a representative government and eventually graduating into a self-governing and democratic dominion or nation within the framework of the British Commonwealth.
All that the British had planned to do once they acquired Hong Kong was to ensure that the Christian faith would be upheld and certain undesirable conducts proscribed. The clearest indication of the lack of a civilising mission on the part of the British government was the instructions sent to Pottinger for the administration of justice. London was not prepared to go as far as Elliot, who proclaimed in 1841 that ‘the natives of Hong Kong and all natives of China thereto resorting, shall be governed according to the laws and customs of China, every description of torture excepted’.
4 Specifically, they sought to open selected parts of the interior of China to trade; obtain the right to navigate the Yangtze River up to Nanjing; legalise the opium trade; avoid taxation on the transit of foreign goods imported to China or local products in transit between the point of purchase and the port for export; secure the right to diplomatic representation in Beijing and ready access to provincial governors where Britain had a consul; ensure cooperation in the suppression of piracy; and gain acceptance that the English text of the revised treaty would take precedence in the event of disputes.