Aid that works: successful development in fragile states by World Bank, James Manor

By World Bank, James Manor

Study in recent times on reduction effectiveness indicates that major hindrances in fragile states--insecurity, bad governance and vulnerable implementation capacity--usually hinder reduction from attaining the specified leads to those environments. This examine investigates the attributes and effectiveness of donor-supported programmes and initiatives that labored good less than tough stipulations in fragile states. offered during this examine are 9 improvement projects in six much less constructed countries—Afghanistan, Cambodia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Timor Leste and Uganda. The situations exhibit that improvement projects, which have interaction neighborhood groups and native point governments, are usually capable of have major impression. even if, for extra giant advancements to take areas, localized profits must be scaled up both horizontally (other localities) or vertically (to larger levels). Given some great benefits of operating on the neighborhood point and the trouble of operating via mainstream bureaucratic organizations at greater degrees in those nations, donors usually wish to create 'parallel-agencies' to arrive out to greater numbers of beneficiaries. even if, this can ultimately weaken the legitimacy of mainstream govt associations, and donor corporations may well accordingly decide to paintings as heavily as attainable with executive officers from the start to construct belief and demonstrating that new projects are non-threatening and support organize the eventual mainstreaming of 'parallel agencies'.

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This decision not only reduced travel costs and logistical problems, it sent the message that the program was to be rooted within the region’s social and institutional framework. It allowed program staff to be hired from the region—people who would have a direct stake in the program’s success and who would accept lower salaries Delivered by The World Bank e-library to: than their counteruniversitetsbibliotek parts in the capitol. 43 Sun, 14 Mar 2010 15:53:57 to the region’s residents. Funds from that program go primarily to projects originating from camps inhabited by people displaced by the conflict, including former (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank Introduction 25 combatants.

Thus the project became ambitious in both scale and degree. The project suggests that prospects for democratic decentralization might improve if the decentralizing process began incrementally through pilot schemes. That approach is unusual. Most governments have decentralized across their entire countries from the start. But that ambition in terms of scale has been accompanied by (and has often inspired) a distinct lack of ambition in the degree to which powers and resources are devolved. In Mozambique, an incremental approach turned out to be more promising.

And in this era of increasingly open, democratic political systems, many governments offer ordinary people greater opportunities to inject their preferences into policy processes than they used to do and than civil society organizations can do (because the latter lack the reach of governments). 43 Sun, 14 Mar 2010 15:53:57 development projects more likely to succeed and more sustainable. The acquisition of greater legitimacy (a common theme in our cases) also improves state-society relations and increases the chances that interest (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank Introduction 27 groups will see the need in more open political systems to moderate their behavior and to accept political accommodations.

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