An African Athens: Rhetoric and the Shaping of Democracy in by Philippe-Joseph Salazar

By Philippe-Joseph Salazar

An African Athens bargains an research of a brand new ecology of rhetoric--the reshaping of a country right into a democracy via rhetorical potential. writer Philippe-Joseph Salazar presents a normal view of matters as they've got taken form within the apartheid and post-apartheid South African adventure, featuring the rustic as a impressive degree for enjoying out the good topics of public deliberation and the increase of postmodern rhetorical democracy. Salazar's intimate vantage aspect specializes in the outstanding case of a democracy received on the negotiating desk and likewise received each day in public deliberation. This quantity provides a full-scale rhetorical research of a democratic transformation in post-Cold warfare period, and offers a learn of the dying of apartheid and post-apartheid from the point of view of political and public rhetoric and conversation. In doing so, it serves as a template for related enquiries within the rhetorical research of rising democracies. meant for readers engaged within the learn of political and public rhetoric with an curiosity in how democracy takes form, An African Athens highlights South Africa as a attempt case for worldwide democracy, for rhetoric, and for the relevance of rhetoric reports in a postmodern democracy.

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Extra resources for An African Athens: Rhetoric and the Shaping of Democracy in South Africa (Volume in the Rhetoric, Knowledge, and Society Series)

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Funeral orations are powerful ritualistic moments. The biblical quotation used by Tutu to launch his funeral praise of Steve Biko was taken from Isaiah (61:1–4): The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound … And they shall build the old wastes … and they shall repair the waste cities, the desolations of many genera30 tions.

He also uses terminology that is marked by its reversibility (the same terms were used by the apartheid régime); this signals the distance between homologia and homonoia. Words that may mean something quite different here mean what they are intended to mean, because they are subsumed into a fiction. In other words, the language of political planning, used by Mandela and hailed by political analysts as “realistic, pragmatic and challenging,” is merely a rhetorical ploy to draw people in, and to make the “vision” acceptable, given that it is one that not everyone shares (and also given that “visions” tend to be viewed as impractical and therefore unattractive to foreign investors).

By “so speaking,” a Legislator does alter human nature and performs (from “an extraordinary position,” says Rousseau; “neither magistracy, nor Sovereign”4) the foundation of a democratic society. In South Africa, this very function has been performed by Nelson Mandela. A SPEECH NEVER COMES ALONE Nelson Mandela’s rhetoric at first glance seems to have been shaped by his training as a lawyer (a legacy that shows in his adroit handling of questions and debates, and in his unshakable confidence, at the time of his trials,5 in the rationality of the rule of law6).

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