An Introduction to Chinese History and Culture by Qizhi Zhang (auth.)

By Qizhi Zhang (auth.)

This e-book breaks with conference and offers an summary of chinese language background within the kind of certain subject matters. those subject matters comprise the most important problems with “A clinical method of the Origins of chinese language Civilization,” “Ancient chinese language Society and the switch of Dynasties,” “The Golden a while of the Han, Tang and Qing Dynasties: a Comparative Analysis,” “Transportation structures and Cultural conversation in historic China,” “Ethnic family members in chinese language History,” “The platforms of Politics, legislations and choosing officers in historical China,” “Agriculture, Handicraft and trade in historic China,” “The army inspiration and armed forces structures of old China,” “The wealthy and colourful Social existence in historical China,” “The Evolution of old chinese language Thought,” “The Treasure condo of historical chinese language Literature and Art,” “The Emergence and growth of historic chinese language Historiography,” “Reflection on old chinese language technological know-how and Technology,” “New matters within the sleek heritage of China,” and “A normal development to the Socialist Modernization of the People’s Republic of China.”

The ebook is predicated on present literature and study by way of college scholars. the trendy heritage part is comparatively concise, whereas the themes regarding historic chinese language heritage are longer, reflecting the country’s wealthy background and corresponding wealth of fabrics. there's additionally an in-depth dialogue at the socialist modernization of the People’s Republic of China.

The publication offers insights into chinese language heritage, permitting readers “to see the price of civilization via historical past; to determine the preciseness of background via civilization.” It makes a speciality of the social history, way of life and improvement strategies to demonstrate ideologies and ideas.

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Those who protested against the Edict of Burning Books (Fenshuling) should be sent for servitude at the frontier 30 days later. This proposal eventually gained the approval of the emperor. Soon after this edict, Confucian scholars were buried alive. Two scholars named Hou and Lu, who had previously gained the First Emperor’s trust, planned to escape because of their resentment towards his greed for authority and superstitious belief in divination. The emperor furiously ordered that over 460 offending scholars be buried alive on the shores of the Wei River as a warning to all scholars.

Second, tyranny was put into practice. Third, no dissenting opinion or school was allowed to exist. In fact, this was a form of cultural dictatorship. The First Emperor boldly proclaimed that as the First Emperor, he will “have numerous generations governing the whole country forever” (from Records of the Grand Historian: Annals of Qin Shihuang). This sovereignty was subject to neither supervision nor restriction. After ruining the six major states, Li Si, the prime minister and a typical follower of Legalism, presented a proposal to the emperor: all historical records and literary works should be burnt, save for the official state documents of the Qin.

Only the children of the nobility could receive education in imperial academies. , music and dance to be performed in rituals) (Yue), archery (She), cart driving (Yu), and other skills necessary for the nobility. Under the dominance of the aristocracy, culture could have never spread among the plebeians because it was bound up with the privilege of rites. For this reason, in the society of the Western Zhou Dynasty, there was a marked distinction between the nobility (urbane) (junzi) and the lowly (tortured) (xiaoren).

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